UKRAINE LEGAL UPDATE
9 July 2022
Ukraine launches a nation-wide human genome register. A new law provides for both mandatory and voluntary registration of individuals’ genetic material.
On 9 July 2022 the nation’s legislature approved the creation of a central database that would store genome information collected from individuals. The idea behind the Electronic Register of Human Genome Information is to facilitate detection of law-breakers and otherwise assist with identification of people when necessary. Akin to fingerprinting, genetic information from the register can be used, for example, to solve crimes, identify the deceased, or establish paternity.
Mandatory genome registration applies to persons who have committed specified crimes (those against state security, the life and health of individuals, sex crimes, drug offences, crimes against the peace and humanity, etc.). It further covers individuals, who, for reasons of poor health, old age or otherwise, cannot provide information about themselves. The latter point might be taken to imply that, potentially, genome information can be taken from anybody unable to provide personal details.
Also subject to registration are unidentified cadavers and human remains. In wartime mandatory registration will additionally apply to members of the military and law enforcement agencies.
All other individuals, whether Ukrainian nationals or foreigners, would be free to apply to have their genetic data deposited with the database.
The Ministry of the Interior will administer the register, and the information contained in it will be the property of the government.